Rule: The Abilities
The description of each ability includes a list of races and creatures along with their average scores in that ability. (Not every creature has a score in every ability, as you’ll see when you look at the lists that follow.) These scores are for an average, young adult creature of the indicated race or kind, such as a dwarf tax collector, a halfling merchant, or an unexceptional gnoll. An adventurer—say, a dwarf fighter or a gnoll ranger—probably has better scores, at least in the abilities that matter most to that character, and player characters are above average overall.